Banes Roofing

Roofing Terminology: Glossary of Common Roofing Terms

April 25, 2023
Residential Roofing

Roofing Terminology: Glossary Of Common
Roofing Terms For Your Doylestown, PA,
Roofing Project

The Essential Words You Need To Know For The Best
Communication With Your Roofing Contractor

Discussing your Doylestown, PA, home’s asphalt shingle roofing replacement doesn’t have to be challenging. When you understand the essential terms used in the industry, it can make communication with your contractor much easier. Knowing what the specific parts of your roof are will simplify describing your area of concern.

Here at Banes Roofing, we’ve made a comprehensive list of all the terms closely related to asphalt shingle roof replacement to inform you better about the process. You’ll have more knowledge when speaking to your contractor or insurance agency, getting the best results.

Roof Decking

One of the most crucial components of your shingle asphalt roof is the roof decking. It is the wooden structure to which every other part of your roof is attached. Typically, roofs can have one of two types of decking: sheet or plank.

Sheet decking is made from OSB or plywood, while plank decking is made from wooden planks.

The primary focus when installing roof decking is keeping it dry. If it becomes exposed to moisture, there is the potential for rotting, which will require the costly replacement of damaged spots. Keeping your roof decking dry is the best way to ensure a long-lasting and secure roof.


While they were prominently featured in 16th-century European architecture, today, many Bucks County homes feature dormers.

A dormer is a window vertically installed on a roof that’s slanted. It’s also referred to as a dormer window and features its own roof. This roof may be one of many styles, including arched, pointed, ornate, or flat.

Drip Edge

The drip edge is an integral part of your roof because it helps keep rainwater from flowing onto the fascia.

Instead, a drip edge directs rivulets into the gutters and through your downspouts. Your home’s drip edge will be installed over the top of the fascia board and can be placed on the eaves, gable, or rake of the asphalt shingles roofing.


The eaves are the section of the roof that overhangs the side of the building. They’re horizontal and can essentially be described as the gutter line.

Asphalt Shingles

Roof asphalt shingles are created using an asphalt-based coating to cover a fiberglass mat. Mineral granules are then added to the surface. This is one of the most commonly used residential roofing materials because of its durability and easy installation. Two of the most popular types include the following:

  • 3-tab shingles: These are the basic asphalt shingles that have a single later. The exposed area is separated by cut-outs into three tabs.
  • Architectural shingles: These are considered by many to be the best asphalt roofing shingles for Doylestown, PA, homes because they have multiple layers. Their tabs are cut into different shapes and sizes, adding a more three-dimensional appearance to the roof. Alternative names include dimensional and laminated shingles.

Roof Flashing

Roof flashing keeps moisture from seeping into the layers below. This feature is installed around roof penetrations and edges. You’ll find it anywhere the roofing is interrupted or abruptly ends.

Roof Underlayment

The roof underlayment will be underneath your roofing materials and directly on top of your decking. Its primary function is to assist in shedding water and resisting weather infiltration. It is occasionally referred to as felt.

Ice And Water Shield

Because of the cold, icy winters we experience in Bucks County, your roof should have an ice and water shield installed. This membrane helps protect against ice and water damage and is installed around specific areas of your roof, such as valleys and around penetrations.

Attic Vent

Just as important as your physical roof is the ventilation inside your attic. An attic vent is an opening that allows the transfer of heat and moisture from inside the attic to the environment outside. This prevents the need for asphalt shingle roof repair due to overheating from a poorly ventilated space.

Choose Banes Roofing For All Your Asphalt Shingle Roofing
Needs In Doylestown, PA

If you need new asphalt shingle roofing for your Doylestown, PA, home, turn to a company you can trust for outstanding results. At Banes Roofing, we have the best asphalt shingle roofing contractors who offer flawless installations on every project.

We follow all the rules, guaranteeing our experts will complete your project right the first time. We don’t cut corners or skip steps – there’s no room for error when we’re on the job.

Call Banes Roofing today at (215) 855–ROOF to schedule a free estimate.

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Contact us for a free estimate on roof replacement, roof repair, and exterior remodeling in Blue Bell, PA. Our appointments are educational, relaxed, and free from sales pressure. That’s a promise.